Kenya

Geography

Location: Kenya lies across the equator on the East coast of Africa, bordering Somalia, Ethiopia and Sudan to the North, Uganda to the West, Tanzania to the South and the Indian Ocean to the East.

Area: Covers an area of 225,000 sq miles (582,646 sq km), approximately twice the size of Nevada.

Climate: Pleasant and favorable with plenty of sunshine all year round, rainfall is sometimes heavy around April to May while some areas go without much rain around July/August.

Major Towns: Nairobi (capital city)–3.4 million, Mombasa–0.96 million, Kisumu-0.9 million, Nakuru-0.3 million, Eldoret-0.2 million (2009).

Education

Universal Primary Education: Introduced in 2003, added an extra 1.5 million pupils into the country’s primary schools, creating a lack of facilities and teachers.

Secondary Education: Of the approximately 600,000 pupils who take the national grade eight exams, less than half get into secondary schools due to a facilities shortage and family economics; less than 60,000 go on to attend universities or colleges.

People

Population: Estimated at 43 million (2012), 70% live in rural areas.

Language: English (official), Kiswahili (national) and over 40 ethnic languages.

Religion: 45% Protestant, 33% Roman Catholic, 10% Islam, 10% Indigenous Religions, 2% Other, including Hinduism, Jewish.

Tribes: Kikuyu, Luo, Luhya, Kalenjin, Kamba, Kisii, Meru, Maasai, and other African and non-African (Asian, European, and Arab) groups.

Independence Day: December 12, 1963 (Jamhuri Day) – Independence from British colonial rule.

Mortality Rates

Infant Mortality Rate: 42/1000 (2012 est)

Under-5 Mortality Rate: 120/1,000 (2010 est)

Maternal Mortality Rate: 360/100,000 live births (2010 est)

Life Expectancy: 63 (2013), up from 57 in 2010
Physician Density: 14/100,000

Economy

Industry: Small-scale consumer goods (plastic, furniture), agricultural products processing, oil refining, cement
Agriculture: Tea, coffee, corn, wheat, dairy products, sugar cane, pineapples.

Exports: Tea, horticultural products, coffee, petroleum products, fish

Currency: Kenyan shilling

Per capita income: $1,600 (2009 est), 40% of Kenyans live below the poverty line (less than one US dollar per day).

Unemployment rate: 40%

Children

Orphans: More than 2.6 million, 1.5 million are orphaned due to AIDS, 12-15% of homes in Kenya are headed by an orphan sibling.

Child Labor: About 40% of children aged 6-16 are part of the labor force.

HIV / AIDS Prevalence: 6.2%, reduced dramatically from the 1990s, partially due to an increase in education and awareness, but also from high death rates

Sources: Kenyan Embassy, National Geographic, Go Africa, InfoPlease, Compassion, CIA

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